Abstract: Predicting neurologic outcomes for neonates with acute brain injury is essential for guiding the development of treatment goals and appropriate care plans in collaboration with parents and families. Prognostication helps parents imagine their child’s possible future and helps them make ongoing treatment decisions in an informed way. However, great uncertainty surrounds neurologic prognostication for neonates, as well as biases and implicit attitudes that can impact clinicians’ prognoses, all of which pose significant challenges to evidence-based prognostication in this context. In order to facilitate greater attention to these challenges and guide their navigation, this chapter explores the practice principles captured in the ouRHOPE approach. This approach proposes the principles of Reflection, Humility, Open-mindedness, Partnership, and Engagement and related self-assessment questions to encourage clinicians to reflect on their practices and to engage with others in responding to challenges.We explore the meaning of each principle through five clinical cases involving neonatal neurologic injury, decision making, and parent–clinician communication. The ouR-HOPE approach should bring more cohesion to the sometimes disparate concerns reported in the literature and encourage clinicians and teams to consider its principles along with other guidelines and practices they find to be particularly helpful in guiding communication with parents and families.


Bracken-Roche Dearbhail, Shevell Michael, Racine Eric. Understanding and addressing barriers to communication in the context of neonatal neurologic injury: Exploring the ouR-HOPE approach. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology, edit., De Vries Linda, Glass Hannah, 2019;162:511-528.


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