Health ethics and the COVID-19 pandemic: Recent and relevant literature

Critical care guidance for tracheostomy care during the COVID-19 pandemic: A global, multidisciplinary approach.
Pandian V, et al. American Journal of Critical Care. September 15, 2020. DOI: 10.4037/ajcc2020561.

COVID-19 expert reality check.
Global Health Now (GHN). September 8, 2020 (last update). John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Conséquences de la COVID-19 : Étude de l’impact des taux d’intérêt négatifs
Magnan M, Normand R, Pougom GN, Noussa HN et Fan H. Cirano. September 3, 2020.

L’inflammation : le facteur clé qui explique les formes graves de Covid-19
Cruickshank S. The Conversation. September 1, 2020.

How many people has the coronavirus killed?
Viglione G. Nature. September 1, 2020.

Early effects of COVID-19 on programs providing medications for opioid use disorder in jails and prisons.
Bandara S, Kennedy-Hendricks A, Merritt S, Barry C, Saloner B. Journal of Addiction Medicine. August 27, 2020. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000718.

A dilemma for ‘long-haulers’: Many can’t prove they ever had Covid-19.
Tuller, D. STAT. August 26, 2020.

Prognosis for rural hospitals worsens with pandemic.
Tribble, SJ, KHN. August 26, 2020.

Four scenarios on how we might develop immunity to Covid-19.
Branswell H. STAT. August 25, 2020.

Risk for severe COVID-19 illness among teachers and adults living with school-aged children.
Gaffney AW, Himmelstein D, Woolhandler S. Annals of Internal Medicine. August 21, 2020. DOI: 10.7326/M20-5413.

How schools can reopen safely during the pandemic.
Mallapaty S. Nature. August 18, 2020. DOI: 10.1038/d41586-020-02403-4.

Trust, Fear and Solidarity Will Determine the Success of a COVID Vaccine.
Allen A. KHN. August 17, 2020.

Did Russia’s most influential bioethicist get a coronavirus vaccine?
Moreno JD. Covid-19, Hastings Bioethics Forum. August 17, 2020.

COVID isolation, anxiety ‘really reinforce’ eating disorders.
Kanne J. Georgia Health News. August 13, 2020.

COVID-19 has exposed the limits of philanthropy.
Saifer A. The Conversation. August 13, 2020.

Socio-ethical dimension of COVID-19 prevention mechanism—The triumph of care ethics.
Dine, C. Asian Bioethics Review. August 12, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s41649-020-00143-1.

The Covid19 outbreak: a catalyst for digitization in African countries.
Bensbih, S., Essangri, H. & Souadka, A. J. Egypt. Public. Health. Assoc. 95, 17. August 8, 2020. DOI: 10.1186/s42506-020-00047-w.

Video series: Are coronavirus contact tracing apps safe?
Véliz C. Practical Ethics. August 7, 2020.

Ethics of COVID-19-related school closures.
Silverman, M., Sibbald, R. & Stranges, S. Ethics of COVID-19-related school closures. Can J Public Health. August 7, 2020. DOI: 10.17269/s41997-020-00396-1.

Attacks on public health officials during COVID-19.
Mello M, Greene J, Sharfstein JM. JAMA. August 5, 2020. DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.14423.

Culture matters in communicating the global response to COVID-19.
Airhihenbuwa CO, Iwelunmor J, Munodawafa D, Ford CL, Oni T, Agyemang C, Mota C, Ikuomola OB, Simbayi L, Fallah MP, Qian Z, Makinwa B, Niang C, Okosun I. Prev Chronic Dis. 2020; 17: E60. DOI: 10.5888/pcd17.200245. PMCID: PMC7367065. PMID: 32644918.

COVID-19 and drug shortages: A call to action.
Shuman A, Fox Erin, Unguru Y. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2020 Aug;26(8):945-947. DOI: 10.18553/jmcp.2020.26.8.945.

From ‘brain fog’ to heart damage, COVID-19’s lingering problems alarm scientists.
Couzin-FrankelJul J. Science. July 31, 2020.

COVID-19 implications for seafood and nutrition: Keep an eye on production and trade.
Love D, Thorne-Lyman A, Nussbaumer L, Bloem M. Nutrition Connect. July 29, 2020.

Desperate Times: Protecting the Public From Research Without Consent or Oversight During Public Health Emergencies.
Beach MC, Lederman HM, Singleton M, Brower RG, Carrese J, Ford DE, Hansoti B, Hendrix CW, Jorgensen EV, Moore RD, Rocca PR, Zenilman JM. July 27, 2020. Annals of Internal Medicine. DOI: 10.7326/M20-4631.

Shoring up the safety net for children in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cheng T, Moon M, Artman M & On behalf of the Pediatric Policy Council. Pediatric Research. July 26, 2020. DOI: 10.1038/s41390-020-1071-7.

Let Medical Students Volunteer in General Practice During Pandemic
O’Shea D. Medscape News UK. July 24, 2020.

Underprotected clinicians: ‘We are tired of advocating’.
Whyte J, Choo E. DISCLOSURES/Medscape. July 24, 2020.

Dramatic interventions in the tragedy of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Rushton C, Doerries B, Greenee J,Gellerac J. The Lancet. July 23, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31641-X.

Applying E-PAUSE to Ethical Challenges in a Pandemic.
Rushton C, Reller N, Swoboda S. AACN Adv Crit Care e1–e6. July 22, 2020. DOI: 10.4037/aacnacc2020216.

What Do We Know About Children and COVID-19?
Willingham E. Medscape Medical News. July 21, 2020.

The climate crisis and covid-19 — A major threat to the pandemic response
Salas RN, Shultz JM, Solomon CG. The New England Journal of Medicine. July 15, 2020. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2022011.

The public’s role in COVID-19 vaccination: Planning recommendations informed by design thinking and the social, behavioral, and communication sciences.
Schoch-Spana M, Brunson E, Long R, Ravi S, Ruth A, Trotochaud M on behalf of the Working Group on Readying Populations for COVID-19 Vaccine. The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. July 9, 2020.

Does COVID‐19 really call for an overhaul of nursing curricula or promoting the power, status and representation of nursing?
Davidson PM, Shattell M, Nolan MT, D’Aoust R. Journal of Advanced Nursing. July 9 2020. DOI: 10.1111/jan.14468.

Patients who refuse to wear a mask: Responses that won’t get you sued.
Buppert C. DISCLOSURES. Medscape. July 9, 2020.

COVID-19 cases and deaths in federal and state prisons
Saloner B, Parish K, Ward JA., et al. JAMA. July 8, 2020. DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.12528

Covid-19 : le prix d’une vie et les choix de société lors d’une deuxième vague
Vaillancourt F. The Conversation. July 2, 2020.

Distributing a COVID-19 vaccine raises complex ethical issues.
Faden R. HUB. July 1, 2020.

Can telemental health help achieve equity during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Senghor, S, Racine E. The Neuroethics Blog. June 30, 2020.

After the surge: Prioritizing the backlog of delayed hospital procedures.
Craig JM, Aulisio MP and May T. The Hasting Center. June 19, 2020.

Dying individuals and suffering populations: applying a population-level bioethics lens to palliative care in humanitarian contexts: before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Wynne KJ, Petrova M, Coghlan R. Journal of Medical Ethics. June 19, 2020. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2019-105943.

Dying individuals and suffering populations: applying a population-level bioethics lens to palliative care in humanitarian contexts: before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.
Wynne KJ, Petrova M, Coghlan R. Institute of Medical Ethics. June 18, 2020.

Covid-19 could accelerate the robot takeover of human jobs.
Hayasakiarchive, E. MIT Technology Review. June 17, 2020.

Relational ethical approaches to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jeffrey DI. Journal of Medical Ethics. June 10, 2020. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2020-106264.

Estimating the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in Europe.
Flaxman S, Mishra S, Gandy A. et al. Nature. June 8, 2020. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2405-7.

The Essential Workers Project.
A collaboration between the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and the University of Colorado Boulder’s Masters of the Environment program. June 2020.

Doctors Wonder What to Do When Recovered COVID-19 Patients Still Test Positive.
Coffey D. Curbside Consult, Medscape Medical News. June 09, 2020.

Individual Freedom or Public Health? A False Choice in the Covid Era.
Cohen J. Hastings Bioethics Forum. June 9, 2020.

Ethical challenges arising in the COVID-19 pandemic: An overview from the Association of Bioethics Program Directors (ABPD) Task Force. 
McGuire A, Aulisio M, Davis D, Erwin C, Harter T. Jagsi R, Klitzman R, Macauley R, Racine E, Wolf S, Wynia M, Wolpe PR, The COVID-19 Task Force of the ABPD. The American Journal of Bioethics. June 9, 2020. DOI: 10.1080/15265161.2020.1764138.

Preparing for COVID-19 related drug shortages.
Shuman A, Fox E, Unguru Y. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. June 03, 2020. DOI: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202004-362VP. PubMed: 32492353.

COVID-19 hospital visitor restrictions may fuel obstetric disparities.
Norton A, Gross M, Wilson T. Closler, Johns Hopkins Medicine. June 3, 2020.

Are thermal cameras a magic bullet for COVID-19 fever detection? There’s not enough evidence to know.
Adams S, Kouzani A, Bucknall T. The Conversation. May 27, 2020.

When Separation is not the Answer: Breastfeeding Mothers and Infants affected by COVID‐19.
Tomori C, Gribble K, Palmquist AEL, Ververs MT, Gross MS. Maternal & Child Nutrition. May 27, 2020.

Ethics of controlled human infection to address COVID-19.
Shah S, et al. Science. 2020, May 22;368(6493):832-834. doi: 10.1126/science.abc1076.

Ethical and Practical Issues Associated with the Possibility of Using Controlled Human Infection Trials in Developing a Hepatitis C Virus Vaccine.
Cox A, Sulkowski M, Sugarman J. Clinical Infectious Diseases, May 22, 2020.

More evidence hydroxychloroquine Is ineffective, harmful in COVID-19.
Batya Swift Y., Medscape. May 22, 2020.

Utilitarianism and the pandemic.
Savulescu J, Persson I, Wilkinson D. Bioethics. May 20, 2020. doi: 10.1111/bioe.12771.

Covid-19 crisis triage — Optimizing health outcomes and disability rights.
Solomon M, Wynia M, Gostin L. New England Journal of Medicine. May 19, 2020. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2008300.

Failing the test — The tragic data gap undermining the U.S. pandemic response.
Schneider E. The New England Journal of Medicine. May 15, 2020. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp2014836.

Optimizing medication treatment of opioid use disorder during COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2).
Leppla I, Gross M. Journal of Addiction Medicine. May 14, 2020. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000678.

Il faut adapter le financement et l’organisation des services à domicile aux réalités du 21e siècle et mettre en place une assurance publique de soins à long terme.
Hébert R. Policy Options / Options politiques. May 13, 2020.

AI, robots, and ethics in the age of COVID-19.
Howard A, Borenstein J. MIT Sloan. May 12, 2020.

What if the influenza vaccine did not offer such variable protection?
Bartsch S, Mitgang E, Geller G, Cox SN , O’Shea K, Boyce A, Siegmund S, Kahn J, LeeA. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, jiaa240. May 9, 2020. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa240.

May hospitals withhold ventilators from COVID-19 patients with pre-existing disabilities? Notes on the law and ethics of disability-based medical rationing.
Bagenstos S. SSRN. Last revised: May 7, 2020.

Unblinded: systematic racism, institutional oppression, and colorblindness.
Sederstrom NO. AJOB, May 7, 2020.

Following the science without forgetting values.
Stephen R. Practical Ethics Blog. University of Oxford. May 5, 2020.

The role of solidarity in research in global health emergencies.
Wright K, Sheather J. AJOB. May 4, 2020; 20:5, 4-6. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2020.1745939.

Public engagement is key for containing COVID-19 pandemic.
Bhatia R, 2020. Indian J Med Res. 2020;151:118-20. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_780_20.

When to reopen the nation is an ethics question—Not only a scientific one.
Rieder TN, Barnhill A, Bernstein J, Brian H. The Hastings Center. April  28, 2020.

How do we decide who gets the ventilators? Polio, ethics and the age of COVID-19.
Jacobs G. The Riot Act. April 26, 2020.

The value and ethics of using technology to contain the COVID-19 epidemic.
Dubov A, Shoptaw S. AJOB. April 23, 2020.

Research ethics in a public health crisis
AMA. April 14, 2020.

Lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Khoo EJ, Lantos JD. Acta Paediatr. Apr 14, 2020. doi: 10.1111/apa.15307.

How can we ramp up hospital capacity to handle the surge of COVID-19 patients? Long-term acute care hospitals can play a critical role.
Makam A, Grabowski D. Health Affairs Blog. April 13, 2020.

Le remède sera-t-il finalement pire que le coronavirus?
Chevillot A. Heidi News. April 10, 2020.

A bioethical perspective for navigating moral dilemmas amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.
Dunham AM, Rieder TN, Humbyrd CJ. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. Apr 10, 2020. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-20-00371. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

It takes a community to establish core outcomes for research in covid-19.
Tong A. The BMJ. 2020 Apr 9, 2020.

Il est justifié d’avoir peur de partager ses données personnelles de santé.
Ringuette L, Quintal A. Le Devoir. Apr 9, 2020.

Covid-19—a pivotal moment in community care.
Boivin A. The BMJ. Apr 7, 2020.

Science will not come on a white horse with a solution
Arjini N. The Nation. April 6, 2020.

Triage in the COVID-19 pandemic bioethical and human rights considerations. 
A Joint Technical Report of the Essex Autonomy Project & the Ethics of Powerlessness Project. University of Essex. Apr 6, 2020.

Ethics in the time of COVID: What remains the same and what is different.
Kim SYH, Grady C. Neurology. Apr 6, 2020. pii: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000009520. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000009520. [Epub ahead of print]

I’m disabled and need a ventilator to live. Am I expendable during this pandemic?
Wong A. Vox. Apr 4, 2020.

The COVID-19 pandemic: Practice and policy considerations for patients with opioid use disorder.
Kelsey K. Health Affairs Blog. Apr 3, 2020.

COVID-19: What implications for sexual and reproductive health and rights globally?
Julia Hussein. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters. April 2, 2020; 28:1, DOI: 10.1080/26410397.2020.1746065.

The vital contexts of coronavirus
Shaw D. Blog of the Journal of Medical Ethics. April 2, 2020.

COVID19: Why justice and transparency in hospital triage policies are paramount.
Schuklenk U. Bioethics. Apr 1, 2020. doi: 10.1111/bioe.12744. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

Cadre de réflexion sur les enjeux éthiques liés à la pandémie de COVID-19.
Comité d’éthique de santé publique. Institut national de santé publique et Commission de l’éthique en science et en technologie. 2020. Québec, QC: 15 p.

Italy in a time of emergency and scarce resources: The need for embedding ethical reflection in social and clinical settings. 
Nicoli F, Gasparetto A. J Clin Ethics. 2020 Spring;31(1):92-94.

The views of patients and the public should be included in policy responses to covid-19.
Immonen, K., 2020. The BMJ. Mar 30, 2020.

In a pandemic, does patient feedback still matter?
Munro, J. The BMJ. Mar 30, 2020.

Cancer research ethics and COVID-19.
Shuman AG, Pentz RD. Oncologist. Mar 30, 2020. Online ahead of print.

COVID-19 visitation bans for people in institutions put many at risk in other ways
Spagnuolo N, Orsini M. CBC News. March 29, 2020.

COVID-19 visitation bans for people in institutions put many at risk in other ways
Spagnuolo N, Orsini M. CBC News. March 29, 2020.

A framework for rationing ventilators and critical care beds during the COVID-19 pandemic. 
White DB, Lo B. JAMA. 2020 Mar 27. Online ahead of print.

Responding to COVID-19: How to navigate a public health emergency legally and ethically. 
Gostin LO, Friedman EA, Wetter SA. Gostin LO, et al. Hastings Cent Rep. 2020 Mar 26. Online ahead of print.

Fair allocation of scarce medical resources in the time of COVID-19.
Emanuel EJ, Persad G, Upshur R, et al. N Engl J Med. Mar 23 2020.

The toughest triage – Allocating ventilators in a pandemic.
Truog RD, Mitchell C, Daley GQ. N Engl J Med. Mar 23 2020.

Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. 
Lewnard JA, Lo NC. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 23. Online ahead of print.

Strategies to inform allocation of stockpiled ventilators to healthcare facilities during a pandemic. 
Koonin LM, Pillai S, Kahn EB, Moulia D, Patel A. Health Secur. 2020 Mar 20. Online ahead of print.

Facing COVID-19 in Italy – Ethics, logistics, and therapeutics on the epidemic’s front line. 
Rosenbaum L. N Engl J Med. 2020 Mar 18. Online ahead of print.

Ethical framework for health care institutions & guidelines for institutional ethics services responding to the Coronavirus pandemic.
Berlinger N, Wynia M, Powell T, Hester DM, Milliken A, Fabi R, Cohn F, Guidry-Grimes LK, Watson JC, Bruce L, Chuang EJ, Oei G, Abbott J, Piper Jenks N. The Hastings Center. 2020 Mar 16. 12 p.

AI is an ideology, not a technology.
Lanier J. Wired. March 13, 2020.

Rapid outbreak response requires trust. 
Nat Microbiol. 2020 Feb;5(2):227-228.


Other resources of interest

AI is an ideology, not a technology.
Lanier J. Wired. March 13, 2020.

How Well Did Health Departments Communicate About Risk At The Start Of The Swine Flu Epidemic In 2009?
Ringel JS, Trentacost E, Lurie N. Health Affairs 2009.

Facing Sars: psychological impacts on SARS team nurses and psychiatric services in a Taiwan general hospital.
Lee SH, Juang YY, Su YJ, Lee HL, Lin YH, Chao CC. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2005; 27:352-358.

Canadian healthcare workers’ experiences during pandemic H1N1 influenza: Lessons from Canada’s response. A review of the qualitative literature.
Hodge, J. National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases. 2014. Winnipeg, MB. 16 p.

Ethical considerations: care of the critically ill and injured during pandemics and disasters: CHEST consensus statement.
Biddison LD, Berkowitz KA, Courtney B, et al. Chest. Oct 2014;146(4 Suppl):e145S-155S.